Trigger points are small, palpable nodes in the muscle that typically develop in the upper back and shoulders. These contracted knots could cause “referred pain,” also known as pain occurring in an area other than where it’s being generated. Individuals with chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders generally have an increased risk of developing trigger points.
Possible Causes of Trigger Points
- Muscle injury
- Repetitive strain or motions
- Continual muscle stress
- Poor posture
- Lack of exercise
- Stress and anxiety
- Vitamin deficiencies
- Tissue tension caused by spinal surgery or hip replacement
Trigger Points Symptoms
The pain is often regional and persistent, usually in the neck and shoulder muscles or pelvic girdle.
Trigger points may cause the following symptoms:
- Regional, chronic pain
- Muscle stiffness
- Decreased range of motion
- Tingling, numbness, or burning sensations
- Muscle weakness
- Tension headaches
- Joint pain
- Sleep problems
- Development of fibromyalgia
These symptoms depend on the amount of stress placed on an affected muscle.
Treat Trigger Points With Injections
Trigger Point Injections are a non-invasive treatment for trigger point pain. They provide fast-acting relief to the muscles where painful trigger points are present.
The injection itself may contain a local anesthetic, saline solution, or corticosteroid—these work to give you efficient and prompt pain relief. Trigger point injections are essentially targeting the pain areas and loosening them up the contracted knots.
Along with its benefits with trigger points, often called myofascial pain syndrome, these injections can aid in relieving tension headaches and fibromyalgia.